Monday, July 14, 2014

UPDATED: China Aid receives compilation of persecuted Zhejiang churches

China Aid Association

Updated on June 16, July 8 and July 14, 2014.

(Zhejiang–May 20, 2014) China Aid recently received a compilation of all known church demolitions, cross removals or modifications and notices received concerning the prior actions in China’s coastal Zhejiang from a source. The list, below, gives the name and, in most cases, the date that  64 (163 as of July 14, 2014) churches were persecuted.

The actions against churches in Zhejiang are all connected to the province’s “Three Rectifications and One Demolition” campaign, which claims to target all illegal structures. However, based on government documents, which can be read below, some speculate that the campaign is really just a crackdown on religon (see http://www.chinaaid.org/2014/05/zhejiang-government-document-reveals.html).

Government documents regarding demolitions, rectifications
The “Notice from Zhejiang People’s Government regarding the three-year campaign of ‘Three Rectifications and One Demolition’ to be unfolded throughout the province” promulgated by Zhejiang People’s Government on Feb. 21, 2013, demands that “[They should] persist in making breakthroughs at key points, push forward in an orderly way and demolish illegal structures that violate laws and regulations, occupy farmland, affect public safety and major construction, seriously affect urban and rural planning, those that are located on both sides of main lines of transportation.”

(source: http://www.zj.gov.cn/art/2013/3/13/art_13012_77021.html, see http://www.chinaaid.org/2014/04/exclusive-china-aid-receives-internal.html)

On April 1, 2014, Lin Xiaofeng, mayor of Yueqing County, Wenzhou, required that “every township government and department shall take effective measures and make full efforts against all odds to forcefully launch an aggressive and relentless campaign of ‘Three Rectifications and One Demolition.’” On April 3, Yueqing Daily published an article titled “Launch a Relentless Campaign of ‘Three Rectifications and One Demolition’”, which required “focusing on difficult cases and pushing forward in a legal, orderly and forceful way the demolition of illegal religious structures.”

(source: http://www.yqcn.com/system/2014/04/03/011625626.shtml)

The Ru’ian city government, of Zhejiang Province, issued “Notice of Statistics Regarding Doing a Good Job in ‘Three Rectifications and One Demolition’ that Involves Investigation and Screening of Illegal Structures for Religious Purposes and Folk Faiths.”

To promote the campaign “Three Rectifications and One Demolition,” the Zhejiang Provincial Committee for Ethnic and Religious Affairs devised a detailed list of “Seven types of structures that must be demolished.” According to the “Notice regarding ‘Implementation Plans for Rectification of Illegal Structures at Sites for Religious and Folk Faiths Activities in Shamen Town,’” the “seven types” include:

1) Christian gathering sites that are privately established without approval and are unregistered and other illegal sites for religious activities; 2) illegal structures that are not approved built at legally registered sites for activities and the portion of structures that exceeds the approved area should be demolished; 3) small temples and small nunneries that violate the law and regulations and that occupy farmland must be demolished; 4) small temples and small nunneries that affect public safety and major construction projects must be demolished; 5) small temples and small nunneries that seriously affect the village planning or construction of beautiful villages must be demolished; 6) small temples and small nunneries on both sides of main lines of transportation must be demolished; 7) small temples and small nunneries that accumulate wealth in the name of religion and other sites for illegal activities must be demolished.

(source: http://www.yuhuan.gov.cn/yggc/shamen/zcwj/201312/t20131218_70014.html, see http://www.chinaaid.org/2014/04/government-notice-lists-privately.html)

Report on the Demolition and Relocation of Structures for Religious Purposes and Folk Faiths in Yueqing County,” Nov. 26, 2013

(source: http://www.lcrenda.gov.cn/view.jsp?id0=z0g9bzcgk6&id1=z0g9bzgksk&id=z0hoi8epth)

Cangnan County Committee of Ethnic and Religious Affairs’ Meeting about Religion and Folk Faiths,” April 16, 2014

(source: http://www.zjsmzw.gov.cn/Public/NewsInfo.aspx?type=4&id=5a85b3ac-cd92-4431-a055-70e4c61219c1)

The Zhejiang government documents listed above and the ways in which demolition and rectification have been implemented this year demonstrate that Zhejiang province is seriously implementing the demolition and rectification of religious buildings as its most important task. The true intention behind the demolishing church buildings and rectifying crosses is to curb the development of Christianity and demolishing “illegal” structures is only an excuse. The crosses of church buildings are not in violation of the law. Please refer to the list of removed crosses based on preliminary investigation.

The list of demolished churches and crosses in Wenzhou, Zhejiang:
(Photos in the list correlate with the description directly above them.)

1. On Jan. 1, the Christian Church of Gou village, Liangzhu town, Yuhang District, Hangzhou, was required by Liangzhu town government to remove the cross of Gou Village Church.

2. On Feb, 27, the cross of Huanghu Christian Church, Huanghu town, Yuhang District, Hangzhou, was forcibly removed (see http://www.chinaaid.org/2014/03/update-zhejiang-churches-face.html).


3-5: The crosses of Hangzhou Gulou Church, Sandun Church and Xingqiao Church are in the government’s list of crosses that will be demolished.

6. On Feb. 27, Baiquan Church in Baiquan town, Dinghai District, Zhoushan, Zhejiang, received a notice from the local government, demanding the church to remove its cross between Feb, 28 and March 1. On April 4, more than 100 SWAT and paramilitary police officers suddenly surrounded the church, and the cross was forcibly removed. Registered with the government, Baiquan Church built its church 15 years ago. The construction of the church was approved by the government and closely followed architectural drawings with no violation of the law (see http://www.chinaaid.org/2014/05/zhejiang-authorities-began-clearing.html).










7. In early April, the cross of Gangtou Church in Yantou town, Yongjia County, Wenzhou, was forcibly removed.









8. On April 4, the nursing home of Jiangjiaqiao Church in Yueqing County, Wenzhou was close to being demolished. Demolition stopped temporarily due to believers’ resistance (see http://www.chinaaid.org/2014/04/zhejiang-letter-of-prayer-to-all.html and http://www.chinaaid.org/2014/04/one-tspm-church-in-zhejiang-finds.html).









9. On April 4, Guangming Christian Church in Rui’an city, Wenzhou, received a demolition notice demolition. The government demanded three churches located in Shibajia industrial district of Rui’an city to tear down parts of their church buildings before April 10 (see http://www.chinaaid.org/2014/04/one-tspm-church-in-zhejiang-finds.html).












10. On April 4, part of a church building under construction in Rui’an, Wenzhou, was demolished by the government.











11. On April 4, a Catholic church in Pingyang County, Wenzhou, was forcibly demolished. The government sent in SWAT to intimidate believers. Some believers were beaten up for resisting the demolition and one person was injured, head covered with blood and dropping to the ground. The church building was bulldozed to the ground.
12. On April 8, Baduzhen Church in Longquan city, Lishui District, Zhejiang, received a notice demanding the church’s cross to be demolished because it was “too conspicuous.”

13. A Christian meeting place in Rui’an, Wenzhou, received a notice from the Municipal Jinhu Office, demanding the demolition of the cross on the roof of the meeting place and other parts of the building.

14. Lushan Chuch in Lingxi town, Cangnan County, Weizhou, received a demolition notice from the government.

15. On April 9, Tengqiaodaima Church in Ouhai District, Wenzhou, received a demolition notice demanding the demolition of the church’s bell tower, which was under construction, before April 17.

16. On April 11, Gaoloudilai Church of Rui’an, Wenzhou, faced the demolition of its cross.










17. On April 11, Xiangjiangxindu Church in Rui’an, Wenzhou, received a demolition notice. The government covered the cross of the church with black canvas (see http://www.chinaaid.org/2014/04/one-tspm-church-in-zhejiang-finds.html).










18. On April 12, Baihe Church in Tiantai County, Taizhou, Zhejiang, received a demolition notice for the church’s cross.










19. On April 15, Xiaying Church of Yinzhou District, Ningbo, Zhejiang, received a notice from the government, demanding the church to demolish its cross and claiming that the failure to comply would cause the whole church building to be demolished. The deadline given to the church for demolishing its cross is May 20. This church was built in 2013 (see http://www.chinaaid.org/2014/05/more-zhejiang-churches-report-threats.html and http://www.chinaaid.org/2014/05/the-telegraph-thousand-christians.html).











20. On April 16, Baixiang Church in Yueqing, Wenzhou, which was under construction, received a demolition notice.









21. April 22, Chengguan Church in Wenling, Tiazhou, Zhejiang, received a demolition notice despite its possession of all paperwork required by the government.

22. On April 28, Sanjiang Church in Yongjia, Zhejiang, was demolished completely.

Note: The authorities demanded the demolition of Sanjing Church on April 21 and 22. More than a thousand believers guarded the church until April 26. Early in the morning of April 28, the authorities took actions to demolish the church by force. At about 6 a.m., more than a hundred SWAT, traffic police and paramilitary police officers controlled Sanjiang Church and blocked all roads that led to the church. At about 9 a.m., the demolition of the main church building began when the arm of an excavator pushed through the side of the church. Sanjiang Church, which cost 30 million yuan (US $4.8 million) to build, was torn down completely at about 8:35 p.m. on April 28. The church was the landmark of Yongjia County in 2013. It was only three weeks between when the demolition notice was issued by the government, on April 3, to the forcible demolition of the church on April 28 (see http://www.chinaaid.org/2014/04/zhejiang-tspm-church-faces-forced.htmlhttp://www.chinaaid.org/2014/04/one-tspm-church-in-zhejiang-finds.html and http://www.chinaaid.org/2014/04/zhejiang-christians-fear-sanjiang.html).

23. On April 23, the cross of De’en Church in Jiaojiang, Zhejiang, was demolished.

24. On April 25, the cross of Shuiyang Church in Linhai, Zhejiang, was demolished. The church was built 14 years ago.

25. On April 29, the annexes and bicycle sheds of churches in Xiaanshan, Cheng’an, Linshan and Rendi, all in Tengqiao town, Lucheng district, Wenzhou, were demolished (see http://www.chinaaid.org/2014/05/more-zhejiang-churches-report-threats.html).

26. On April 30, Zengshan Evangelical Church in Pingyang, Wenzhou, received a notice from the government that demanded the church to demolish its building before May 4.

27. On May 1, parts of the Rendi Catholic Church building of Linjiang community, Tengqiao, Lucheng, Wenzhou, were torn down.

28. On May 2, Anji Church in Huzhou, Zhejiang, faced demolition.

29. In May, the sign of Zhu’en Church on Zhenxing Road, Yiwu, Zhejiang, was demolished (see http://www.chinaaid.org/2014/05/more-zhejiang-churches-report-threats.html).










30. On May 4, Longgangshan Catholic Church in Liu city, Yueqing, Wenzhou, was demolished.










31. On May 4, the annex of Feng’ao Church in Cangnan County, Wenzhou, was forcibly demolished.
32. On May 5, Getian Church in Yaze, Ouhai, Wenzhou, was converted into the “Cultural Auditorium of Getian Village.”










33. On May 5, the cross of Dingqiao Church in Haining, Zhejiang, was removed. (The church received a notice demanding the demolition of its cross on April 22.)








34. On May 6, the unfinished Wu’ai Christian Church in Cangnan, Wenzhou, was forcibly demolished (see http://www.chinaaid.org/2014/05/more-zhejiang-churches-report-threats.html).

35. On May 6, the cross of Baixi Christian Church in Yandang town, Yueqing County, Wenzhou, was demolished.
Note: The construction of Baixi Church was approved by the government, and the church obtained all paperwork required by the government. The government approved even the cross of the church. The church downsized the cross by dozens of centimeters from the original plans in order to be in compliance with government regulations.



36. On May 6, Bao’ao Church in Nanxi’ao pastoral area, Wenzhou, faced demolition.

37. On May 7, the cross of Taoyuan Catholic Church in Pingyang, Wenzhou, was covered with cloth.











38. On May 6, the cross of Shamen Church in Ouhai District, Wenzhou, was wrapped up in cloth.










39. On May 7, the cross of Qiaosi Church in Hangzhou, Zhejiang, was demolished (see http://www.chinaaid.org/2014/05/more-zhejiang-churches-report-threats.html).

40. On May 8, the cross of Wuchang Church on Wuchang Road in Hangzhou was removed, along with the church’s sign: Wuchang Christian Church.

41. On May 8, the cross of a Catholic Church in Cangnan county, Wenzhou, was demolished.












42. On May 8, the cross of Lingxi Sabbath Day Adventist Church in Cangnan, Wenzhou, was removed.











43. On May 8, Hebing Church in Longwan, Wenzhou, was demolished. Guarded by police, workers only took two hours to tear the church down to the ground.
44. On May 9, the branch of Longwan Church in Shangwan village, Wenzhou, was demolished (see http://www.chinaaid.org/2014/05/more-zhejiang-churches-report-threats.html).

45. On May 12, Bethany Church in Wenzhou received a notice demanded the church to stop gathering.










46. The sign of Bingwang Church in Yiwu, Zhejiang, was removed.











47-49, the crosses of three churches in Jiande, Zhejiang Province, were demolished.

50-52. In mid-May, the cross of Shuangheyan Church in Yongjia County, Zhejiang, and the annexes of Huangtian Church and Fengbu Church, which were under construction, were demolished.

53. On May 16, the cross of a Yangshancang “Little Flock” Church in Shanglu, Yongjia County, Wenzhou, was demolished.











54. On May 16, the cross of Heyu Church in Shanglu, Yongjia County, Wenzhou, was demolished.










55. On May 16, the cross of “Little Flock” Church in Zhikou, Yongjia County, Wenzhou, was forcibly demolished.










56. The cross of Shancang Church in Yongjia County was demolished.











57. The cross of Zhang’ao Church in Yongjia County, Wenzhou, was demolished.










58. The cross of Jiuzhang Church in Yantou, Yongjia County, Wenzhou, was demolished.

59. On May 17, the cross of Lutian Church, Yongjia County, Wenzhou, was demolished.

60. The cross of Ruo’ao Church in Yongjia County, Wenzhou, was demolished.












61. The cross of Huangcun Church in Yongjia County, Wenzhou, was demolished.











62. The cross of Lishe Church in Yinzhou District, Ningbo, Zhejiang, was wrapped up with cloth by the government.











63. On May 17, the cross of Henglan’ao Catholic Church in Wuniu Street, Yueqing, Wenzhou, was demolished.










64. On May 17, the cross of Yantan Church in Yongjia County, Wenzhou, was demolished.


65. The cross on top of Shikou Catholic Church in Yongjia County, Wenzhou, was demolished.











66. The cross topping Zhanjiabu Catholic Church in Shuitou, Pingyang County, Wenzhou, was removed on May 18.











67. On May 20, Renjiayang Church in Pingyang County was demolished.

68. Authorities demolished a Catholic Church in Wanquan, Pingyang County.

69. On May 20, Gutan Church, north of the Yongjia River in Wenzhou, was razed.












70. The cross atop Chengnan Church in Shangtang, Yongjia County was demolished on May 29.



71. Lingtou Church in Yongjia County, Wenzhou, was partially demolished. The remaining building was converted into a senior center.
72. On May 30, the cross at Budaiao (Paoertou) Church in Dongtou County, Wenzhou, was demolished.












73. The cross of Dongyang Church in Wuniu, Yongjia County, was forcibly demolished from 3-9 a.m. on May 30.


Note: Dongyang Church steadfastly refused to demolish the cross topping the building for about 20 days prior to its demolition. On May 27, the government issues a penalty notice to the Church for its refusal. The Church submitted an application for a hearing on May 29. That night, Jiang Zhiqiang and Jiang Shengfu, the church’s directors, were asked to have a “talk” with police. Police also visited Zheng Xianghui’s home and attempted to detain him; however, Zheng wasn’t home.  At 3 a.m. that morning, on May 30, authorities dispatched several hundred SWAT officers to block roads leading to the church building and to secretly demolish the cross (see http://www.chinaaid.org/2014/06/zhejiang-authorities-remove-cross-5.html).


74. The cross at Liangnong Church in Yuyao, Ningbo, was demolished on May 31.















75. Luzhang Church in Shangtang, Yongjia County was demolished.


76-83. On June 5, the crosses on the following Yongjia County Christian churches were demolished: Kayangtou Church, Baishui Church, Qianpai Church, Huaao Church, Luofu Church, Dajia Church, Puxi Church and Malangqiao Church.

84. Guantou Church in the Wuniu area of Yueqing County initially held off demolition of its cross, by blocking authorities from the church on June 11. However, on June 17, between 3-6 a.m., officials demolished the cross.

85. Juxihoushe Church’s cross, in the Ouhai District of Wenzhou, was forcibly demolished.

86. The cross topping a church building in Xiaoshun town, Jiahu, Zhejiang, was demolished.













87. In Lucheng District, Wenzhou, the cross topping Zhangli Church was demolished. It took 11 years for the church to obtain government approval and all required paperwork. Construction on the church followed the approved design and passed inspections, but the cross was still secretly demolished.

88. The cross topping Qingjiang Church in Yueqing County, Wenzhou, was targeted for demolition.

89-108. On June 13, 20 churches in Pingyang County, Wenzhou received demolition notices for their crosses:

Aojiang Parish: Hekou Church, Guangming Church and Chuiyang Church

Kunyang Town: Nanmen Church, Lingbo Church, Xikeng Catholic Church and Beimen Meeting Place

Wanquan Parish: Zhenglou Church, Guozhuang Church and Taitou Church

Xiaojiang Parish: Yahui Church, Zengshan Church, Taoyuan Church, Xi’an Church, Taoyuan Catholic Church, and Xiaojiang Catholic Church

Mabu Parish: Xianqiao Church and Shangzhou Church

Shuitou Parish: Jiu’en Church and Yongyuan Church

In the picture below, Yantou Christian Meeting Place in Pingyang County, Wenzhou, stands without a cross after its demolition.








Below, the cross topping Yahui Church in Pingyang Countyt, Wenzhou is shown being demolished.












Lingbo Church, pictured below, also had its cross demolished.












109. Houxi Church in Yueqing County, Wenzhou, was converted into a senior “paradise.”













110. The cross topping the Shangcai Christian Meeting Place, located in Ouhai District, Wenzhou, was demolished on June 15.













111. Near Wenzhou Yongqiang Airport, the cross on Canghe Church was demolished on June 22.













112. Puting Church, a branch of Yongling Church in Cangnan County, Wenzhou, was forced to remove the cross from the church building on June 22.














113. On June 23, the Rui’an City-based Xiashe Church’s cross was demolished.














114. Also on June 23, an accessory building, used for Sunday school, belonging to Xialing Church in Lucheng District, Wenzhou, was given a demolition notice.















115. The cross on Majiayang Church in Fengchi Village, Cangnan County, Wenzhou was forcibly demolished on June 23.

116. Yongjia County-based Zhutu Church’s cross was demolished on June 25.











117. On June 25, the cross the Linfu Brethren Church building in Yongjia County, Wenzhou, was demolished.

118. Also on June 25, Luoxi Catholic Church’s cross was demolished on the building in Yongjia County.

119. Mei’ao Church in Yongjia County, Wenzhou, was forced to remove its cross.












120. On June 27, the cross on Shitan Church in Longwan District, Wenzhou, was demolished.














121. Shetian Church in Longwan District, Wenzhou faced the forced demolition of its cross.

122. Longwan-based Da’ao Church’s faced the forced demolition of its cross.

123. The cross on Puzhou Church in Longwan County, Wenzhou, was demolished.













124. On June 27, the cross on Bashui Church in Rui’an City, Wenzhou, was demolished.











125. The cross topping Yinan Church, located in Yiwu City, Jinhua, was demolished on June 27.













126. On June 27, the cross of Xinxin Church in Rui’an City, Wenzhou, was demolished.










127. Anyang Christian Meeting Place in Rui’an City, Wenzhou was demolished on June 27.














128. On June 27, the cross on Yongling Church, in Cangnan County, Wenzhou, was demolished.














129. Dongshan, or “Little Flock,” Church in Rui’an City, Wenzhou had both its cross and Sunday school building demolished on June 28. The demolition was videotaped.













130. On June 28, the cross on Guangming Church in Pingyang County, Wenzhou, was demolished.














131. Cangnan County-based Guanmei Church’s cross was demolished on June 28.














132. Shipan Church in Cangnan County, Wenzhou, received an administrative penalty notice.

133-134. Fanshan Evangelical Church and Xiguang Church, both located in Cangnan County, Wenzhou, were forced to remove the crosses from their church buildings.

135-136. Huayang Church and Chiyang Church received demolition notices.

137. On June 30, the cross on Bailouxia Church in Longwan District, Wenzhou, was demolished.














138. The cross topping Shuangcun Church in Longwen District, Wenzhou, was also demolished on June 30.












139. Longwan District-based Canghe Church’s was demolished on June 30.











140. The cross on Shuixin Church in Longwan District was demolished on June 30.










141. The cross on Wuxi Church’s building in Longwan District was demolished and later restored by the church.










142. On July 1, the cross on Chengnan Church in Yiwu, Jinhua, was demolished.










143. Authorities attempted to demolish the cross topping the Cangnan County-based Yanpu Church on July 1, but the demolition was temporarily stopped because workers were scared.










144. The cross on Lucheng District’s Yangyi Church was demolished.












145. On July 1, the cross topping Dongnan Church in Yueqing County was demolished.











146. The cross at Xi’an Church, of Pingyang County, was demolished at dawn on July 2.










147. Youqing County-based Batou Church’s cross was demolished on the night of July 2.









148. Both the cross and a sign, reading “Christian Church,” were demolished at Dongcun Church in Yongjia County, Wenzhou.

149. The cross topping Houzhi Christian Gathering Place in Lucheng District, Wenzhou, was demolished.

150. The cross on Xuan’ao Catholic Church in Lucheng District was demolished.









151-155. On June 19, crosses at Longqian Church, Dong’an Church, Mazhuang Church, Xiaoxi Church and Shiran Church, all in Yongjia County, were destroyed.

156. Yueqing County’s Huaqiu Church’s cross was demolished.










157. The cross on Jia’ao Church Yueqing County was demolished on July 2.











158. In Jindong District, Jinhua, Meng’en Church’s cross was demolished on July 3.










159. Zhongyangtu Church’s cross was demolished on the night of July 4 in the suburbs of Wenzhou.










160. Also on July 4, the cross topping Qiansha Church in Wenzhou was demolished.

161. Yueqing County-based Shan’ao Church was demolished.











162. Chanhebao Church in Yueqing County was given a demolition notice for the cross topping the church building.

163. Chanhu Church in Yueqing County also received a demolition notice for its cross.



Note: 1. As of July 14, about 163 churches in Zhejiang had received demolition notices, had annexes or their church building demolished, and/or crosses removed or covered. The real number may be much higher, but cannot be confirmed.

2. The dates in the list, which is arranged chronologically, are not confirmed demolition dates, but rather dates obtained from postings on the web. 


3. Information in this list is not necessarily provided by the churches affected by the demolition campaign.

4. Specific statistics are available on this website: http://wzchurch.blogspot.com/2014/05/email-wzchurchgmail.html
5. 
Due to pressure from the authorities, some churches have not been able to send timely information about demolitions, notices and cross removals. Informed people are invited to help collect information and provide details concerning demolitions.

6. Wenzhou, Zhejiang, has the largest number of churches affected. Of the sub-levels of Wenzhou, Yongjia County has the largest number of targeted churches. Also, Sanjiang Church in Yongjia County, which cost 30 million yuan (US$ 4.8 million) to build, was completely demolished.

7. Some house churches in Wenzhou have been ordered to stop gathering. Many churches have received oral warning that they should stop the Sunday school and summer programs offered to minors.




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